To be warm in extreme cold winter, you need to dress in layers. The layers create an insulation and this is what will keep you warm. In the above picture you see a customer of mine wearing the proper winter clothing which includes a triple layers polar fleece balaclava with strings created by me Catherine Bellaire.
STARTING WITH YOUR FEET.
Your feet are the most important part of your body to take care because if your feet are cold, your whole body will be cold regardless of what you wear. Warm boots are very important to wear such as ski-doo boots which you can buy at Canadian Tire or men clothing for the outdoors. You need two layers of socks. No cotton socks because cotton will absorb the moisture and you will freeze.
BASE LAYER (First Layer)
The first layer must be tight to the skin.
- Undershirt (wicking)
- Brief (Wicking)
- Wool or Fleece Socks.
The following products have been recommended by people specially by people who were in the military.
- woolen “mesh” underwear
- ”Brynje of Norway”
- UnderArmour (makes wicking underwear)
- Smartwool socks
- polartech polar fleece pull away the moisture
FIRST BASE LAYER (Second Layer)
Your second layer must be tight to the skin.
- Thermal Underwear(wicking)
- Long johns top and bottom
FIRST INSULATION LAYER (Third Layer)
The insulation keeps the cold from getting in and keeps the energy from getting in or out.
- Wool or Fleece Sweater or thin long sleeves sweater with thick sweater over thin sweater such as fleece or wool
- Fleece Leggings or fleece pants
- Thick Wool or Thermal Socks or Polar Fleece Socks created by Catherine Bellaire
SECOND INSULATION LAYER (Forth Layer)
A thin hat that covers the ears. For cold winters -30C, you will need a hat that covers your ears such as a beanie, double layers fleece balaclava/face mask, hat with earflap. and thick hat over thin hat such as a double layers fleece balaclava, neck warmer, ski pants, vest, coat, two pairs of mittens
- Fleece Jacket
- Wind-Break Trousers,
- Lightweight Gloves,
- Neck Warmer
FIRST PROTECTIVE LAYER (Fifth Layer)
All about stopping the wind and the cold.
- Insulated Overalls,
- Watch Cap,
- All Weather Boots,
- Heavy Gloves or Mittens,
- Down Jacket, Wind-Proof Shell
SECOND PROTECTIVE LAYER (Six Layer)
FOR EXTREME COLD WEATHER -50C
In extreme weather, you want to protect your eyes.
- Insulated Snow Boots or Skidoo Boots (The felt insulation in the skidoo boots get wet, so you have to take the felt insulation out of the boots everyday to dry the felt or you will freeze).
- Face Mask or Balaclavas from Catherine Bellaire
- Goggles to protect your eyes from the cold and wind,
- Ushanka hat, Polar Fleece Hat with Flap from Catherine Bellaire
- Duffel Coat, Arctic Parka, Heavy Duty Mittens
- Waterproof Ski Pants, or Waterproof Ski Pants with Bibs
- Raincoats will keep you dry.
The moisture absorbed in the cotton fabric will not evaporate and you will freeze. Cotton fabric get wet and takes a long time to dry. As a result, wet cotton will pull away heat from your body and you will freeze.
BEST FABRICS TO WEAR FOR EXTREME COLD WEATHER
Polyester fleece, wool and synthetics are the best fabrics to wear. These fabrics will evaporate the moisture and you will stay warm. Synthetics are acrilan and orlon, nylon, dacron, lycra, vyrene and vicar. Propolene soft-shell helps block the wind and moisture.